不定式的完成式,进行式和完成进行式用法
来源: | 作者:zznyy整理 | 时间:2010-08-15 | 浏览  | 设置字体:

  不定式的完成式、进行式和完成进行式

  不定式的一般形式所表示的动作,通常与主要谓语所表示的动作(状态)同时(或几乎同时)发生(a),或是在它之后发生(b):

  a. Who heard him say that? 谁听见他说这话的?

  Tell her we shall be delighted to come. 告诉她我们会很高兴来的。

  We rejoiced to see her back. 我们看到她回来了都很高兴。

  b. They invited us to go there this summer. 他们邀请我们今年夏天到那儿去。

  She is waiting to hear your answer. 她在等着听你的答复。

  They arranged to start early. 他们安排好早动身。

  假如不定式所表示的动作,在谓语所表示的动作(状态)之前发生,这不定式就要用完成式,如:

  I am glad to have seen your mother. (= I am glad I have seen your mother.) 我很高兴,见到了你的妈妈。

  (比较:I am glad to see you. 看到你真高兴。)

  不定式的完成式常用来:

  1)构成复合谓语:

  He is said to have written a new book about workers. (It is said that he has written a new book about workers.)

  据说他又写了一本关于工的书。

  The enemy was reported to have surrendered. (It was reported that the enemy had surrendered.)

  据报道敌人投降了。

  She seemed to have heard about it already. (It seemed that she had already heard about it.)

  她似乎已听到这事了。

  I happened to have come across the book once. (It happened that I had come across the book once.)

  我碰巧有一次见过这本书。

  She is not likely to have got our letter. (It is not likely that she has got our letter.)

  她多半还没接到我们的信。

  2)在某些作表语用的形容词后作状语:

  You are lucky to have got tickets to the concert.

  (You are lucky that you have got tickets to the concert.) 你运气好弄到了音乐会的票。

  I am very pleased to have been of help. 能够帮得上忙我很高兴。

  I am sorry to have given you so much trouble. (I am sorry I have given you so much trouble.)

  对不起给你添了这么多麻烦。

  He felt ashamed to have done such a thing.

  他很惭愧做了这样的事。

  She was very glad to have done something for the community.

  她很高兴为社会做了点事。

  3) 在某些动词后作宾语:

  He pretended not to have seen me. 他假装没看见我。

  I regret to have been the cause of all this trouble. 我很抱歉引起了这么多麻烦。

  We interded to have included your name in the list. 我们本来预备把你的名字列入名单的。

  I meant to have told you about it, but I forgot to do so. 我本想告诉你的,可是我忘记了。

  I should like to have bought one. 我本想买一本(个)的。

  He expects to have written it tomorrow morning. 他估计明天早上可以写好。

  间或也可以作主语(a),定语(b)或构成复合宾语(c):

  a.It has been a privilege to have travelled so much in your country.

  在贵国游览了这么多地方是很难得的。

  It was a great satisfaction to have revisited our native village.

  重访了家乡是非常愉快的事。

  b. It was the first book to have appeared on the subject. 这

  是第一本关于这门学科的书。

  So you are the one to have cleaned all these rooms.

  原来这些房间都是你打扫的。

  It is one of the rare examples of this type of painting to have survived.

  它是这类画仅存的少数样品之一。

  They thought it a pity not to have invited her.

  他们没有请她感到很遗憾。

  She felt it an honour to have taken part in the work.

  参加了这项工作她感到很荣幸。

  注1: 不定式的完成形式也有时和情态动词构成谓语:

  She may have lost your telephone number. 她可能忘了你的电话号码了。

  He must have missed the train. 他准是误车了。

  How could you have read so much in such a short time?

  在这么短时间内你怎么可能看了这么多书?

  这一用法在211中已经讨论了,这里就不再多谈。另外,to be有时可以和一不定式的完成形式构成谓语,表示一个想做而未做的事:

  He was to have given the first talk, but he came late. 他本来第一个发言,但来晚了。

  The plane was to have taken off at six, but something went wrong.

  飞机本来在六点起飞的,但出了故障。

学习网(zznyy.com)版权所有 【复制转发QQ好友】【 回顶部】 【收藏文章】【打印】【关闭
 >> 网友评论   文明上网,理性发言 共有条评论    
            

学习网是公益学习类网站,所有资料仅供学习者免费参考

版权所有·大玩家彩票 Copygight © 2009-2017